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Volume 25, Issue 2, 2024

Biosorption of Lead and Copper by Epiphytic Rhizobacterial Species Isolated from Lepironia articulata and Scirpus grossus

Fayeq Abdelhafez Al-Ajalin, Mushrifah Idris, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Setyo Budi Kurniawan, Muhammad Fauzul Imron

> DOI: https://jeeng.net/issue/view/?id=90

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biosorption, epiphytic bacteria, Lepironia articulata, Scirpus grossus, Pb, Cu



In this study, biosorption potential of nine epiphytic bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of Lepironia articulata and Scirpus grossus were assessed. Identification of the isolated epiphytic rhizobacteria using 16S rRNA analysis showed species belonging to the four genera of Bacillus, Enterobacter, Aeromonas, and Chromobacterium. Batch biosorption studies were carried out to assess the capacity of the isolated bacteria to act as Pb and Cu biosorbents. Different initial concentrations of the two heavy metals (50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 ppm) were used to determine the ability of the biosorbent to reach a tolerance level and then calculate the percentage of biosorption with respect to 0.1 g dry weight. Initial concentration of Pb and Cu exposed showed that the isolated bacteria have high tolerance up to 400 ppm. Bacteria prefer Pb ions over Cu, which is indicated by higher removal of Pb in all tested reactors. Bacillus sp. (coded Sc1) showed the highest biosorption capacity with 100% Pb and 97% Cu removal