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Volume 25, Issue 2, 2024

Decolorization of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solution by Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

Salwa H. Ahmed, Ekehwanh A. Rasheed, Luma A. Rasheed, Firas R. Abdulrahim

> DOI: https://jeeng.net/issue/view/?id=95

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multiwalled carbon nanotubes, methylene blue, adsorption, adsorption equilibrium, the kinetics model



Methylene blue is a synthetic and cationic dye that finds utility in different fields including pharmaceutical, paper, textile, printing, carpet, and photography industries. Adsorption is a very effective technique to decolorize contaminated wastewater. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) as an adsorbent for decolorization of MB dye from aqueous solutions. The study examined various characteristics affecting adsorption, including concentration of dye, pH value, dosage of MWCNTs, and contact time. The results that growing the adsorbent dosage from (25 to 120) mg increased the dye efficiency rate from 62% to 98%, respectively, were shown. The study also evaluated pH, which is among the most critical factors influencing removal efficiency. The best pH for the removal efficiency was 6 at an initial concentration of MB dye 20 mgL-1, a contact time 60 min, and an MWCNT dosage 100 mg. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms were used to describe the adsorption equilibrium. The Langmuir isotherm with an R2 value of 0.9968 and a maximum capacity for adsorption of 19.6 mgg-1 provided a suitable fit for the data of the experiment. In comparison between the suitability of kinetic models pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second order, and Weber–Morris, the kinetics model’s correlation value was shown to be greater than that of the pseudo-second order kinetic model with an R2 value of 0.9982